higher education

What is Higher Education 

It occurs at colleges and universities and typically entails both undergraduate and graduate study. Your chances of finding a career and increasing your earning potential through higher education are increased. 

Higher Education Qualifications

The Framework for Higher Education Qualifications (FHEQ) contains descriptions of all the main higher education qualifications.  Higher education qualifications mainly relate to levels 4 – 8 of the FHEQ. The main qualifications are:

  • Postgraduate qualifications
  • Bachelor’s degrees
  • Higher National Certificates (HNC) and Higher National Diplomas (HND)
  • Foundation degrees
  • Certificates and other academic awards granted by a university or higher education college (but not honorary degrees and higher doctorates)

 The Objectives and Purposes of Higher Education

The following goals and purposes for higher education were established by the Radhakrishanan Commission.

  1. In the changing political, social, and economic conditions, providing healthy representation in politics, administration, profession, industry, and commerce.
  2. In the universities, developing an intellectual attitude towards things and encouraging the growth of knowledge among the youth.
  3. Emphasizing social reform through the creation of sighted, intelligent, and courageous leadership.
  4. Encouraging universities to play their part as organs of culture and the intellectual leader of civilization.
  5. Making endeavors for the success of democracy.
  6. Discovering the innate qualities of individuals and developing them through suitable training.
  7. Creating the sentiments of National discipline, International awareness, intellectual development, justice, freedom, equality, and brotherhood.

The Purpose of Higher Education

Barnett (1992) suggests the following as common perspectives on the purpose of Higher Education (HE):

  1. Production of qualified human resources: The students in higher education might be seen as “products” to be consumed by the market in this process. Higher education thus turns into a key component in the expansion and development of business and industry.
  2. Training for a research career: The preparation of qualified scientists and researchers through higher education is important for the production of high-caliber research articles.
  3. Building the right kind of teaching-learning environment: Institutions of higher education place a strong emphasis on the development and maintenance of the ideal teaching-learning environment by enhancing the quality of instruction, allowing students to gain global competencies in a variety of subject areas and apply them successfully to challenges in the changing global environment.
  4. Higher education as a matter of extending life chances: Higher education is viewed as a chance to take part in a person’s growth through a flexible, continuing education approach.

The Benefits of Higher Education

Personal Benefits 

All incoming high school graduates want to know: “Will a bachelor’s degree boosts my happiness and provide me more assurance about the future?” Numerous studies have shown that pursuing undergraduate or graduate studies after high school brings many advantages to young people, including the chance to pursue further education in a particular field, the opportunity to prepare adequately for a career, as well as a number of practical and health advantages.

Financial Benefits-Higher Salaries and Employability

It goes without saying that having a college degree increases one’s chances of earning more money and finding employment. People with a bachelor’s degree or above earn more than the average worker, who makes $900 per week (including those with only a high school diploma and less education), and their unemployment rate is only 3.6 percent. Also noteworthy is that, according to Zumbrum’s article in the Wall Street Journal titled “Income for Recent Graduates the Highest in Over a Decade,” the median pay for young adults (23-27) with bachelor’s degrees is $44,000, compared to $30,000 for those with only a high school diploma. Therefore, acquiring a bachelor’s degree in business, natural science, or technology will increase your earnings and increase your employment prospects.

Career Specialization and Preparation

This benefit is crucial for people who are unsure of the profession they want to work in for the rest of their careers. Demanding that recent high school graduates know what they want to do for the rest of their lives is just unreasonable. Accordingly, the purpose of higher education is to focus students’ interests, polish their current skills, and get them ready for the labor market after they graduate.

This method gives them some time to develop a better understanding of the areas that are best for them to attain their full potential. Accordingly, the student can embark upon higher education with one goal and finish it with quite another, and still be completely prepared for the job market.

Personal Development

· Young individuals begin their academic careers with a large number of deadline-based projects, conversations, and courses. As a result, while completing their academic duties, students acquire a variety of abilities that support their overall personal growth.

  • You become more productive
  • Identifying new skills
  • Acquiring better communication skills 
  • Improves your self-esteem and self-confidence
  • The development of critical thinking 
  • Raising the awareness of the importance of discipline

Socializing and Networking

One of the most crucial aspects of higher education may be socializing. In particular, students frequently get the ability to interact with people from different cultures. Students frequently develop novel ideas through the sharing of their opinions, which may lead to the invention of new things or the creation of a larger community of like-minded individuals. Along with the interchange of ideas, there is also an exchange of cultural values, which is a priceless resource for everybody.

A Happier and Healthier Life

It’s intriguing to see how higher academic achievement raises a person’s general well-being indicators. The following are some important details about those with some degree of higher educational attainment:

  • Decreased chance of a heart attack.
  • They have a smaller risk of developing a mental illness.
  • Thanks to better social skills, they experience less job-related stress and have generally lower stress levels.
  • They live as many as 7 years longer than people who never attended college.

Poverty Reduction

Insufficient education is frequently considered to be the main cause of poverty in a population. Due to the existence of individuals with specialized talents who may contribute to a variety of businesses, an increase in the number of highly educated people is frequently associated with the general economic prosperity of the nation. With a degree in hand, the student is better able to see the wider picture of the issues their family once encountered, which allows them to make changes in how their own children are raised. Additionally, as we have already mentioned, those with higher educational attainment earn more on average, allowing students to escape the cycle of poverty in their families. 

Environmental Benefits

The last ten years have seen a rise in the importance of climate issues for all nations. According to research, those with college degrees are more cognizant of and knowledgeable about climate change. This information can readily be applied to the advancement of sustainability-related practices and laws in the organizations where they operate as well as in society at large.

Promotes Good Citizenship and Reduces Crime

Every educational institution strives to create moral, law-abiding citizens who are good and useful. Higher-educated individuals also pay more in taxes, social insurance, and health insurance, increasing the number of resources the nation can reallocate to the most pressing needs (which means a lower probability of bankruptcy and homelessness).

According to data on those who are in trouble with the law, those with any level of education are 5 times less likely to end up in jail or prison. Additionally, it should be remembered that up to 68 percent of prisoners did not complete high school.

Equality and Empowerment

Women and men from racial and ethnic minorities who endured years of societal stigmatization are empowered by education in general, and especially higher education. Gaining a college degree lowers the prevalence of both violence against women and gender discrimination. This is a crucial advantage for women since it gives them the freedom to be independent and take control of their own lives.

FAQ:

What is the Difference between Higher Education and Further Education?

So when it comes to the difference between further and higher education, generally speaking, higher education is the term used when we’re talking about education at university. You usually have to be 18 or over to take a higher education course. However, further education is the term given to any education after secondary school (aka high school) that is not an undergraduate or postgraduate degree. It’s what you learn after the age of 16, but usually not at university.

What is the Cost of Higher Education?

Depending on where you study and how long each course is, higher education costs can change. Students have access to a variety of financial aid programs, including bursaries and scholarships, that can help them pay their tuition and support them as they pursue their education.

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